It is your responsibility to check with the appropriate or designated athletics staff before using any substance. Desmopressin , plasma expanders such as glycerol ; intravenous administration of albumin , dextran , hydroxyethyl starch and mannitol , probenecid , and other substances with similar biological effects are also banned. Andro, DHEA, stanozolol , testosterone , and nandrolone , or derivates see below are banned anabolic steroids. Tell your congressional representative your concerns about effecting stricter legislation, and try to buy products whose ingredients you can recognize easily. Stimulants directly affect the central nervous system, increasing blood flow and heart rate.
While the EU has more protective and stringent laws toward cosmetics than the U. Where we have one regulatory body, Europe has twenty-seven independent but cooperative organizations.
So who tests for unsafe additives in beauty products in the U. In a study, the Environmental Working Group found that:. Many companies acknowledge the danger of the chemicals in their products but insist that using the product as directed minimizes health risks. Your daily body wash might contain a small, permissible amount of phthalates, but over the course of several years, the amount of phthalates in your body can reach extremely unhealthy levels.
But Americans are so concerned with what they put in their mouths, they forget to watch what they put on their skin. Before you pull a Henry David Thoreau and become a hermit in the woods, remember that you can get involved. Beta-2 Agonists permitted only by prescription and inhalation i. Dietary supplements, including vitamins and minerals, are not well regulated and may cause a positive drug test result.
Student-athletes have tested positive and lost their eligibility from using dietary supplements. Many dietary supplements are contaminated with banned drugs not listed on the label.
Any product containing a dietary supplement ingredient is taken at your own risk. Check with your athletics department staff prior to using a supplement. Anabolic Agents sometimes listed as a chemical formula, such as 3,6,androstenetrione: Alcohol and Beta Blockers banned for rifle only: Clomiphene , cyclofenil , fulvestrant , and all other anti-estrogenic substances are banned. Myostatin inhibitors are banned.
AICAR are also banned. Meldonium was banned on 1 January , which led to a Russian doping scandal. Stimulants directly affect the central nervous system, increasing blood flow and heart rate.
These drugs primarily help athletes in complex team sports like basketball and association football as well as choreographed sports like figure skating and artistic gymnastics. Stimulants that are banned include amphetamines , beta-2 agonists , ephedrine , pseudoephedrine , fencamfamine , cocaine , methamphetamines , mesocarb , and other substances with similar chemical structures and biological effects, including the following:.
Diuretics , which increase the production of urine , and masking agents, chemical compounds which interfere with drug tests, are banned for two reasons. First, by decreasing water retention and thus decreasing an athlete's weight, an important consideration in many speed sports e.
Secondly, increased urine production depletes the concentration of both the banned drugs and their metabolites, making their detection more difficult. Masking agents, on the other hand, work by making drug tests ineffective, leading to false-negative results. Desmopressin , plasma expanders such as glycerol ; intravenous administration of albumin , dextran , hydroxyethyl starch and mannitol , probenecid , and other substances with similar biological effects are also banned.
Local application of felypressin in dental anesthesia is not prohibited. Narcotic analgesics decrease the painful sensations of serious injuries, potentially allowing athletes to continue training for competition after an injury. While some painkillers are allowed, including codeine , the following are banned:. The cannabis products marijuana and hashish are also banned in competition due to their cannabinoid content.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids that affect the metabolism of carbohydrates , fat , and proteins , and regulate glycogen and blood pressure levels. They possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity and cause alteration of connective tissue in response to injuries.
ANNEX 6. List of chemicals banned or severely restricted to certain uses owing to their effects on health and the environment in the countries of EU. A "banned" pesticide is defined as a pesticide for which all registered uses have been prohibited by final government action or for which all requests for registration or equivalent action for all uses have, for health or environmental reasons, not been granted. These chemicals qualify for PIC notification under the Rotterdam Convention because they are banned or severely restricted within the EU in one of the two use categories defined by the Rotterdam Convention: pesticide or industrial chemical.